Important tips for Caviar import and export:
Due to overfishing of caviar fish, the number of these fishes has become limited.
The main habitat of these fish is the Caspian Sea.
About 2 to 3 tons of farmed caviar are produced annually and sent to target markets in Asia, Europe and the United States.
Iran supplies about 93% of the world’s caviar need.
High quality is one of the important features for caviar in the field of exporting and importing goods.
Iranian caviar with its famous brand can send the best available type of caviar. For example, Amitis is exporting the Imperial Top Selection Beluga caviar, which is one of the best caviar in the world.
Reasonable price is another important factor in exporting caviar.
Amitis sends caviar directly from fish farms to all over the world and this export is empty of the presence of various brokers and intermediaries to make the final price cheaper than ever.
Quality assurance documents are among other items required for export and quality assurance.
High-quality caviar must have several certificates and licenses, such as a CITES certificate, a fish Identification certificate, code unique, a health certificate and a laboratory certificate.
To see our Caviar certifications and see more about us please follow this link
Caviar transportation and storage has special conditions and not every company can transport and maintain it.
The profit of trading with caviar is very high due to its high value in low amount.
Official caviar exporting is usually done for over 1 or 2 kg orders of caviar because below this amount does not have much commercial value.
Caviar is the spawns of sturgeons and is one of the most expensive foods in the world.
The Caspian Sea, as the largest source of caviar in the world, supplies more than 90% of the world’s caviar.
China has the highest export rate in the world market with 3665396 dollars (20%).
Thailand, Ecuador, Spain and Germany are the next largest exporters of this product, respectively.
In the chart of caviar importing countries, the United States ranks first. Japan, Italy, Germany and France are next. US imports are $ 187,431 (11% of the global market share).
Caviar is one of the most expensive and aristocratic foods in the world.
Sturgeon fishes are 200 million years old fishes and are considered as living fossils.
There are 27 different species of sturgeon and 5 of them are in the Caspian Sea.
One of the best caviars that is exported to different countries is Beluga caviar.
This caviar has a higher price than other caviars, but it has excellent quality and taste.
Growth rate of caviar importing countries
Germany, Spain, the United States, Japan, Italy and Spain have both positive one-year and five-year growth.
The UK, France and Canada have had a growing market over the past year. The Netherlands has also seen positive five-year growth.
Exporting caviar to different countries has the following series of laws:
There is no economic benefits in exports of less than 5 kg for either the exporter or the importer.
Of course, for exports of less than 5 kg, an additional fee must be paid to the manufacturer.
Germany, Thailand, Japan, China, South Korea, the UAE, Russia, Georgia, France, Italy and Ukraine all have high potential for caviar exports.
Graph of caviar export potential
Thailand, Japan, China, South Korea, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan all have large residual caviar export potential.
Germany, the UAE, France, Italy, Belgium and the United States have saturated markets for caviar exports, and exporting to them are not very profitable.
The main reason for the instability of caviar export earnings is related to its supply.
Therefore, the phenomenon of smuggling, which has a great share in reducing production, must be combated with special opinions and special control over the habitats and fish farms of these fish.
It is also possible to compensate for this decrease in production and exports and consequently the decrease in caviar export income due to them by turning to sturgeon farming and strengthening this sector and exporting farmed caviar.
Thailand, Japan and Armenia have the highest export potential for caviar due to market capacity and easy trading relations.
Iran has the closest export link with Armenia.
The Japanese market has the highest demand capacity for caviar exports.
Thailand shows the largest difference between export potential and actual exports in terms of value.
The value of the remaining export capacity of this country is $ 59.4 thousand.
In 2017, the main suppliers of caviar in the EU market were China (with 27,000 kg), followed by Uruguay (1900 kg) and Israel (1101). Figure 1 shows EU caviar imports from these major suppliers and the others.
The European Union started importing from the UAE and Iran in 2012.
This represents a sharp increase in imports in 2015 and 2016, which show a growth of 82% and 32%, respectively. The increase in caviar import volume in 2014 was equivalent to 25%.
The volume of EU imports peaked in December in each of the years 2014 to 2017.
Imports of various types of caviar from 2010 to 2016 were strongly influenced by the increase in imports from China. In 2010, 17% of EU imports included Kaluga caviar, (mainly from China).
In 2016, the share of this type of caviar increased to 64%, which shows an absolute growth of 700%.
In 2016, the United States imported between 39-44 tons of caviar and in 2017, its imports increased to 47.8 tons.
However, caviar import prices have declined in recent years as resources have improved.
China was the main supplier of caviar to the US market in 2017, followed by Israel, Italy and Germany (Figure 4).
China’s import growth is very significant, and this figure increased from 14 tons in 2015 to 30 tons in 2017, in other words, it doubled. While in 2013, this amount was only 1.2 tons.
According to EUMOFA, CITES announced that Japan is one of the top five caviar importers in the world.
In 2016, Japan imported between 9.5 and 11 tons (according to CITES, while this amount was announced more than 15 tons by EUMOFA (Figure 5)) caviars.
This is a fair sign because some of the imported caviars came from the largest supplier, the United States, and were essentially paddlefish that they were not included in the CITES data.
In 2017, Japanese caviar imports (including paddlefish) which were about 15 tons, were taken from the top five suppliers including the United States (22%), France (19%), Italy (17%), China (15%) and Finland (8%).