Information and types of sturgeon

Types of sturgeon or caviar fish is one of the biggest fish in the Caspian Sea and is several million years old and dates back to the Jurassic Age, so sturgeon are called living fossils.

these are some information:

Caviar fish has 27 species and subspecies which 6 of the most important ones live in the Caspian Sea.

The value of sturgeon is through their meat and, more importantly, their caviar spawn.

Caspian Sea accounts for 93% of the world’s sturgeon and caviar.

The 5 most important species of sturgeon (caviar fish) are:

1 Beluga

2 Ghara boron (Persian sturgeon)

3 Acipencer gueldenstaedtii (Golden sturgeon)

4 Bastard sturgeon

5 starry sturgeon



It is the largest fish in Iran’s inland waters and has the best caviar.

Its weighs about 1,000 kilograms and is about 100 years old.

It matures at the age of 14 to 17 and spawns every two or three years.

This fish has the best ranked caviar (Beluga caviar).

Depending on the size of the caviar spawn, if it is larger than 2.5 mm, it is called Imperial or Royal Beluga.

Ghara boron:

It is an independent species of caviar that ranks second in terms of quality.

This fish weighs about 60 to 150 kg and reaches the age of 12 to 14 and is about 1 to 2 meters long.

This type of fish is known as its Russian subspecies.

Acipencer gueldenstaedtii:

You can find this kind of fish all over the Caspian Sea and people know its caviar as golden caviar and ranks third in terms of value. It matures at the age of 12 to 16 years.

It is about 1 to 2 meters long and weighs about 80 kilograms.

Bastard sturgeon:

It is usually a migrant fish that comes to the shores of Iran for spawning.

and It has a lifespan of about 30 years and It is lightweight and has fewer spawns and is in the fourth value rank of caviar.


starry sturgeon:

It is the smallest caviar fish that is fertilized at the age of 8 to 12 and It has about one-meter length and is the lightest type of sturgeon and It has small and cheaper caviar.

It difficultly and in artificial conditions reproduces, and its number is declining in nature.


Astra caviar comes from wild fish species, which are usually banned from export.

Baeri caviar is one of the Siberian fish, but it is an Iranian aboriginal fish.

Beluga caviar comes from Beluga fish.

Sevruga caviar comes from bastard and starry sturgeon.

You can buy all different kinds of Caviar on our caviar online shop on Amitis.

All caviar are pure with caviar international certifications.

For any further questions please contact us


 types of sturgeon (caviar fish)

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